As the French geographer Jean Sermet said: ‘Guadix is a city that should not be described; it must be seen.’ It is located on the north side of the Sierra Nevada in Hoya de Guadix, in the pass that connects the east to Andalucía. It is a city of great historical interest, one of the most important in the province of Granada and one of the oldest in Spain. It has a rich and extensive historical and artistic heritage.
Three urban areas are clearly defined: the higher area with its many cave dwellings; the medieval, Renaissance and Baroque area; and the new Guadix, the result of more recent urban development. The unique town centre includes historical neighbourhoods such as the Barrio de las Ermitas or the Barrio de las Cuevas, with its many cave dwellings dug into the earth. The most interesting feature of this Guadix area is that many of the inhabitants of this large town live underground, in the southern part of the town, in what are known as cave houses. The jagged ochre terrain and the dazzling whitewashed chimneys and doors of the caves contrast dramatically with the snow-covered peaks of the Sierra Nevada, which loom above. The cave district is signposted on the main street of the town as the "Barrio Troglodyte". Most of today's cave-dwellings are well-appointed, like any other Spanish home, and some are even quite luxurious, with marble floors, fitted kitchens, faxes and internet connections.
The Arab Alcazaba is an official national monument and stands on top of the hill. The monumental Cathedral and many churches and chapels dotted around the town all have fascinating histories.
Tourism is very developed in Guadix, offering visitors all kinds of accommodation including hotels, cottages and cave dwellings. The range of sports that can be enjoyed here includes fishing, canoeing, hiking, biking, riding and even motor sports in the Circuito de Velocidad de Guadix.